Web development projects continue to be in demand among businesses looking to extend their web presence at low complexity and cost-effective models. Now, when we talk about the development side of the web, there are two common programming languages developers choose from – PHP and Python.
However, when you build a web project, you have to choose one of the two languages. And between the equally growing popularity of both of them come with, it can become challenging to pick one language.
Let us make the decision easy for you. In this article, we are going to look into both languages in detail ultimately helping you choose the best for your website development project.
What is PHP?
PHP is considered one of the best programming languages for web application developers. It’s an open-source server scripting language that helps with building engaging, user-based website pages.
The language comes with some of the top state-of-the-art feature sets like – libraries, plugins, and feasibility to elevate functionalities and extensive community support.
The fact that the language is pragmatic, flexible, and fast helps it tackle dynamic content on websites and databases.
- PHP is very easy to code compared to the many other scripting languages.
- It aligns with multiple databases like Oracle and MySQL while providing database integration.
- It gives developers access to log in by creating a summary of user accesses.
- When compared to languages like ASP and JSP in terms of efficiency, PHP ranks very high.
- It comes with some predefined error reporting which creates an error notice.
- the language is open-source, you can use it for free.
What is Python?
Developed by Guido Van Rossum in 1991, Python is an open-source programming language that is focused on building object-oriented programming concepts. Presently, it is one of the most commonly used languages that provide a high-level, easy-to-understand syntax.
- Python can operate on multiple hardware platforms through a single user interface.
- It is easy to learn, read, and manage.
- It offers great support and structure for large programs.
- It is easy to include Low-level modules in a Python interpreter.
- The language comes with support for automatic garbage collection.
- The developers can easily integrate Python with Java, C, and C++ programming codes.
- It offers high-level dynamic data types and their checking.
- It helps with an interactive mode of debugging and testing.
Now that we have looked into the individual features of PHP and Python, here are the pros and cons they come with.
Pros and Cons of Python
Here are the benefits and disadvantages of using Python programming language for web development:
Pros of Python
- It is an object-oriented, general-purpose, and versatile language that can be employed across multiple fields
- Comes with cross-platform code reusability
- Easy to learn, read, and manage
- Offers automatic garbage collection
- Helps build GUI applications
- Can easily integrate with the programming code of languages like C++ or Java
- Comes with libraries like Tensorflow for math-intensive events
- A uniformly unfolding open-source language
- It is highly graphic and beginner-friendly
- Comes with a WORA functionality that makes it portable
Cons of Python
- Not very handy when it comes to browsers, mobile computing, and application development
- It makes use of a massive amount of memory to offer developers ease
- Works slowly compared to other development languages
- Delays the testing of web applications
- Because of dynamic typing, error detection gets difficult
- Too massive for a small-scaled website or app
- It comes with duck-typing which leads to run-time errors
Pros and Cons of PHP
Here are the top advantages and limitations of PHP language for creating web apps:
Pros of PHP
- Comes with a state-of-the-art debugging facility
- Comes with pluggable frameworks
- It is object-oriented and open-source
- Comes with a big ecosystem
- Offers support for database interfaces such as PostgreSQL, No SQL, etc.
- Gathers support from multiple operating systems and is able to work cross-platform
- Provides support for database collection modules
- Is platform-independent and flexible
- PHP-based applications support all the operating systems like Linux, Windows, and UNIX
- Features in-built support for SQL
- A majority of the open-source PHP frameworks are available for free
Cons of PHP
- Wired and impeded performance
- Developers are unable to change the language’s core behavior
- It utilizes weak typing which can lead to incorrect data to the users
- Not ideal for content-based applications
- No IOT alignment
- Comes with inadequacy in terms of security protocols
So here is everything you need to know about the different facets of PHP and Python. Now, I am sure you must be wondering what it translates to in terms of what you should choose. Let’s address that in the next section.
When to select Python for your web needs?
Python programming language has become very famous among developers nowadays. Here are some of the use cases when it makes the most sense for developers to choose the language.
- When they are creating websites using the Django framework.
- They have to work on deep data analytics.
- They are working around data science and robotics.
When to select PHP for your web needs?
PHP is a very famous server-side scripting language used by developers. There are some common use cases why developers choose PHP.
- When they can make little investment.
- They have to create web apps, blogs, and websites.
- They want to work effectively on the server end.
So here is everything you need to know about the two languages. We hope that you must come to a stage where you know which one to choose for your next web development project.